14 WayBase “The Next Normal: The Future of Christian Ministries and Churches in Canada: 2022 National Survey Summary Report,” accessible at https://www.waybase.com/en-CA/research/reports/2022/summary, p. 5.
15 David Hazzard, “PAOC Theological Education/Leadership Development: Present Realities. Special Report delivered to the Educational Standards Committee and District Superintendents of the PAOC May 31, 2018.” Report.
16 Statistics Canada, “Saskatchewan Population by Age and Sex Report.” Accessible at: http://www.stats.gov.sk.ca/stats/pop/2016%20Age%20and%20Sex.pdf.
17 According to a 2016 Barna report, only 8% of Christian prospective students are contemplating a ministry degree, and most Canadian Bible colleges would report a substantial decline in overall attendance over the past twenty years. Barna Group, “What’s Next for Biblical Higher Education: How Bible Colleges Can Prepare for the Church’s Future” (2017). Seminaries are faring better, with FTEs holding steady since 2011. See “Appendix A” in Stanley E. Porter and Bruce G. Fawcett, eds, Christian Education in Canada: Challenges and Opportunities (Pickwick, 2020), p. 331.
18 Noted above. See EFC, “Hemorrhaging,” and Barna, “Connected,” p. 42.
19 Barna, “Connected,” p. 36. Though it is perhaps significant that 27% felt inspired to be a leader based the example of someone at their church.
20 Waybase, “Next Normal,” p. 5.
21 David Kinnaman and Mark Matlock, Faith for Exiles: 5 Ways for a New Generation to Follow Jesus in Digital Babylon (Baker, 2019), p. 163.
22 Kinnaman and Matlock, Faith, p. 95. In Kinneman’s vocabulary, *Nomads, representing the largest percentage of young adults, are “comprised of 18- to 29-year-olds with a Christian background who walk away from church engagement but still consider themselves Christians.” *Prodigals are “young adults who used to claim a personal faith, but no longer claim any Christian belief.” See “Three Spiritual Journeys of Millennials,” at https://
23 Rick Hiemstra, “Competition for Character Education: What Emerging Adulthood Means for Christian Higher Education in Canada,” in Stanley E. Porter and Bruce G. Fawcett, eds., Christian Education in Canada: Challenges and Opportunities (Pickwick, 2020), p. 120.
24 Hiemstra, “Competition,” pp. 119-120.