25 This was a point of discussion at a recent gathering of Christian Higher Education Canada presidents, hosted on Zoom on May 30, 2022. Corroborating the concern, at a special General Conference meeting of the Pentecostal Assemblies of Canada – Canada’s largest evangelical denomination – a resolution passed on April 21, 2022 to remove “academic requirements” from the PAOC’s Constitution as a necessary component for licensed ministry credentials. Although the verbal explanation of the resolution noted its intent is for “exceptional circumstance” pathways for ministerial credentials, this explanation is not in the PAOC’s Constitution, leaving it open-ended.
26 Note that Canadian Christian higher education institutions generate almost twice as much of their budgets from tuition and fees compared to publicly funded universities. See Hiemstra, “Competition,” p. 101.
27 Stanley Porter reports that 1/3 of Canadian ATS seminaries have no significant endowments. Only 61% have endowments under 5 million dollars, and only 2 institutions have endowments over 19.9 million (one at 20 million and the other at 21 million) (p. 27). He states, “The situation is similarly bad for evangelical institutions, where nearly half of them have no endowment funds, and again nearly two-thirds (61%) have under 5
million dollars.” Stanley Porter, “Canadian Theological Education in the Twenty-First Century—An Update and Evaluation” in McMaster Journal of Theology and Ministry 14 (2012-2013), p. 28.
28 See Robert Burkinshaw, “Evangelical Bible Colleges in Twentieth-Century Canada” in Aspects of the Canadian Evangelical Experience. Ed. by G.A. Rawlyk. (Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1997), pp. 369-373. Curiously, despite a much smaller population density, Saskatchewan has birthed more Bible schools than anywhere else in Canada. See, Bruce Guenther, “Bible Schools and Colleges” in The Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan. Accessible at: http://esask.uregina.ca/entry/bible_schools_and_colleges.html.
29 See Eric Metaxas, Bonhoeffer: Pastor, Martyr, Prophet, Spy: A Righteous Gentile vs. The Third Reich (Thomas Nelson, 2010), ch. 17. See also Bonhoeffer’s letter describing the seminary to theologian Karl Barth, in Dietrich Bonhoeffer, “To Karl Barth, Finkenwalde, September 19, 1936,” in Theological Education at Finkenwalde: 1935-1937. Ed. H. Haylon Barker; trans. Douglas W. Stott (Augsburg Fortress Press, 2013), pp. 252-255.
30 Mark Sayers, Reappearing Church: The Hope for Renewal in the Rise of Our Post-Christian Culture (Moody Press, 2019), p. 11. For Sayers, Vital Christianity is when “correct biblical faith and doctrine is affirmed, alongside a healthy spiritual life of a significant amount of a congregation;” Hot Orthodoxy is when “correct biblical faith and doctrine flow out of a vibrant spiritual life. God moves powerfully. Truth and presence are everpresent. A majority of the congregation lives a powerful and vibrant spiritual life” (p. 82).
31 Kinneman and Matlock, Exiles. Barna identifies c. 9% of the Canadian population as “resilient disciples.” Barna, “Connected,” p. 13.